What Is Oral Surgery and When It Is Required?

Oral health is crucial to well-being; sometimes, regular dental check-ups aren’t enough. We all know about routine dental cleanings and fillings, but what about the more complex procedures? This leads us to the world of oral surgery, a niche of dentistry that delves into diagnosing and treating complications related to the face, mouth, teeth, and jaws. This article will guide you through the realm of oral surgery, what it entails, and when it may be required.

Definition of Oral Surgery

Oral surgery, often called oral and maxillofacial surgery, involves surgical treatment of the oral cavity and surrounding structures. Potential procedures range from straightforward wisdom tooth removal to complex reconstructive surgeries. The evolution of this specialty has been dynamic, going back to Ancient Egypt, where the first recorded tumor removals were performed on the jaw.

What Does an Oral Surgeon Do?

An oral surgeon, also known as an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, has the skills and training to perform various surgical procedures related to the face, mouth, and jaw. Here‘s what they do:

  1. Dental Implant Surgery: Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that provide a base for fixed, replacement teeth. Oral surgeons are skilled at placing these implants to restore functionality and aesthetic appeal.
  2. Corrective Jaw (Orthognathic) Surgery: This surgery corrects a wide range of minor and major skeletal and dental irregularities, including the misalignment of jaws and teeth, which can improve chewing, speaking, and overall oral health.
  3. Tooth Extractions: Tooth extraction, especially impacted wisdom tooth removal, is a common procedure carried out by oral surgeons. They are also equipped to handle complex extractions involving broken teeth or teeth with long-curved roots.
  4. Oral Cancer Diagnosis and Removal: Oral surgeons are crucial in diagnosing and detecting mouth and throat cancer early. They can perform biopsies to diagnose cancer and conduct surgery to remove cancerous growths.
  5. Treatment of Facial Injuries or Trauma: Trauma to the face or jaw due to accidents can result in complex injuries. Oral surgeons can repair broken bones, manage soft tissue injuries, and restore lost or damaged teeth.
  6. Cleft Lip and Palate Repair: Surgeries for congenital disabilities like cleft lip and palate fall under the domain of oral surgery. These surgeries aim to restore function and a more normalized facial appearance.
  7. TMJ Disorder Treatments: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders can cause severe pain in your jaw joint and the muscles controlling jaw movement. Depending on the severity, an oral surgeon can diagnose and eventually treat this condition with nonsurgical or surgical approaches,

When is Oral Surgery Required?

Various medical and cosmetic reasons may necessitate oral surgery. A common medical reason can be impaction, where the tooth fails to emerge through the gums completely. On the cosmetic front, one might desire an improved facial structure that calls for surgical intervention.

Common Types of Oral Surgery Procedures

  • Tooth Extractions
  • Dental Implants
  • Corrective Jaw Surgery
  • Cleft Lip/Palate Surgery
  • TMJ Disorder Treatments

When describing experienced oral surgeons, it’s impossible to overlook the expertise the professionals offer. For instance, you can trust the expertise of Massanutten Dental Team and Oral Surgery, where the surgeons are highly trained in various oral surgeries.

Preparing for Oral Surgery

  • Preparation comes first! Your dentist and oral surgeon will provide detailed instructions about pre-op fasting, medication use, etc. 
  • Make sure you inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions or medications you’re on. It’s also crucial to arrange transportation, as anesthesia could impair driving.

What to Expect During Oral Surgery

  • Oral surgeries usually involve anesthesia or sedation. Once the patient is comfortable, the surgeon will implement the procedure using different surgical equipment. 
  • The duration of the surgery highly depends on the complexity of the problem.

Endodontic Treatment

  • In certain cases, a patient might need endodontic treatment. This involves procedures to treat issues affecting the dental pulp – the inner part of the tooth. 
  • Think root canals and the treatment of abscesses. For resolving such issues, going after efficient endodontist solutions in Harrisonburg will be worth the effort.

Post-Surgery Care and Recovery

Proper aftercare is imperative for a quick and smooth recovery. Several measures must be in place, from following a specific post-surgery diet to avoiding strenuous activities. Do not procrastinate contacting your surgeon if you encounter any complications, including unusual pain or bleeding.

The Importance of Follow-Up Appointments

Follow-up appointments enable your surgeon to monitor your healing progress and handle post-op complications. These check-ups are extremely critical, so don’t miss them!

Best Implant Crowns and Bridges

In certain cases of tooth loss, implant crowns, and bridges exhibit an ideal solution. These prosthetics are crafted to match your natural teeth and restore functionality. For finding the finest treatments along with the best implant crowns and bridges, you can look for top-rated professionals here.

Oral Surgery vs Regular Dental Procedures

While there is some crossover, the principal difference lies in the complexity and invasiveness. Regular procedures usually involve preventative care and aesthetics, whereas oral surgeries target congenital disabilities, trauma, and diseases to correct functional issues.


Oral surgery can be straightforward or complicated, but regardless, it’s devoted to improving your oral health and overall quality of life. Hence, an oral surgeon will provide specialized care if you need a wisdom tooth extracted, require dental implants, or are dealing with a serious condition like oral cancer. Consult with professionals, trust their expertise, and follow a dedicated preparatory and aftercare plan for successful treatment.